Home Building Process STEP by STEP
It's fairly self evident that successful home building requires that you need to know not only the parts involved, but just as important - the Steps Of Building A Home - how the parts all go together . . . and in what order!
Here then is a description, in broad terms, of the actual step by step home building process.
An important disclaimer is in order here.
Many things including, among others, the area of the country where it is being built, the design of the home, the availability of subs and materials, and the preference of the contractor, i.e. you, determine the actual steps of building a home. Here's an example:
Many builders prefer to delay pouring the driveway until the end of the project.
This is to prevent damage by heavy equipment like the drywall delivery truck, and to conserve construction loan interest, since concrete is fairly expensive.
There is a builder in Atlanta who likes to pour his driveway as soon as the foundation is in. When you go to his site, you are always able to stay out of the mud!
In addition, as you will discover in the pages on planning your construction
schedule, frequently more than one construction activity can be going on at the same time!
With all that in mind, here is a general construction sequence with a brief explanation where terms may be unfamiliar. You will get greater detail on all of these as you link to their own page.
1. STAKE LOT
One of the first steps of building a home is locating your new home on its lot. This will usually involve a surveyor who will come out and accurately drive stakes to locate your home on the lot. They will be used by the excavators and foundation subcontractors to guide their work.
2. TEMPORARY UTILITIES
You will need to have water, electric power, and toilet facilities available during the construction process.
3. CLEAR AND ROUGH GRADE
Clearing is the removal of trees and undergrowth from the actual construction site and yard areas.
Rough grading is moving the dirt around to establish the approximate drainage patterns, yard areas, drive and walk levels, etc. that you hope to achieve.
If you are going to have a well, you might as well dig it up front so that you will have the water available for construction.
This is where a piece of earth-moving equipment digs the hole for your foundation, and, if you will have one, your basement.
This is the structure where the house interfaces with the earth that supports
it. All of the weight of the home rests on the footings.
The foundation is the wall on which the first floor rests. It may be short - if you will have a crawl space, or tall - if you will have a
8. WATERPROOFING AND FOUNDATION
A waterproofing material or membrane (or both) is applied to the foundation walls which will be below grade to minimize water accumulating in the basement or in the crawl space. Foundation drains run along the footings and remove water accumulating in that area.